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In the years after World War II Britain struggled to recover economically. In stark contrast, the USA was becoming a much richer nation than before. Sterling was no longer a leading currency and national banks wanted US Dollars, not Sterling. Feeling that every citizen should try and “do their bit” for the economy, in November 1949 Queen Mary decided to donate her needlework to the nation, so that it could be sold for dollars. A committee responsible for the “disposal” of the Carpet was formed and chaired by Lady Reading as Head of the WVS.
Before its journey to America the Carpet went on public display at the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) on February 8th 1950. From the start queues were averaging 3000 per day who were stewarded by members of the WVS. By the end of the exhibition which finished on March 12th 1950, it had been seen by over 100,000 visitors including Queen Elizabeth (Queen Mother) and Princess Margaret.
Lady Reading’s PA Miss Patricia Hardie was then appointed to care for the carpet on its journey. The only qualification for the job was that Patricia had worked with the American Red Cross during World War II.
As the V&A exhibition closed, the Carpet was carefully folded and placed in its specially made oak & steel casket. Accompanied by Patricia Hardie on the RMS Queen Mary it was shipped to New York. The plan was to take the Carpet on an 80 day, 14,000 mile tour of cities across the USA and Canada, arranged by the son of Lady-in-Waiting, Lady Antrim, Colonel Angus McDonnell, who would also escort the Carpet assisted by Miss Hardie.
The Carpet, Colonel McDonnell and Miss Hardie arrived in New York on March 23rd 1950. The first exhibition was in New York for 5 days before embarking on a tour of 23 cities in the USA and Canada. Every venue had made special arrangements to display the Carpet. Some even removed priceless artefacts to make room.
Miss Hardie noted “In every case the Carpet was in place within half an hour of our arrival. Sometimes it was hung with a curtain background, sometimes against a wooden frame or plinth and sometimes laid flat on a specially built dais.
Young GI brides helped us in many cities, always willing and enthusiastic, arranging their household duties so that they might be free to work a shift at the sales desks selling the literature from which the expenses of the tour would be paid.”
The Carpet was seen by over 400,000 across North America, including Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt former 1st Lady and wife of the former US President Franklin D Roosevelt. Mrs Roosevelt praised Queen Mary for her sacrifice and devotion in sending her needlework to the USA to generate dollar funds for her country. Miss Hardie commented that it was the most exciting three months of her life.
Patricia also commented that “so many I met were needlewomen themselves and everyone, without exception, wanted to feel the texture of the carpet.”
Sadly, present day visitors to the National Gallery of Canada are rarely able to view the Carpet. Due to the light sensitive nature of the wool dyes and degradation of the fabric, the Carpet is not on permanent display.
If you’re interested in more information on Queen Mary’s Carpet you can contact our enquiry service or search the WVS Bulletin/WRVS Magazine.
Did you know that the Archive
& Heritage Collection runs an enquiry service? Do you wonder what people
In May we received a very
interesting enquiry asking what information we held in our Archives about Queen
Mary’s Carpet and how its sale in 1950-1951 was coordinated by WVS.
to this question is a simple but important one we hold two files one in our Central Registry
collection discussing the how the carpets journey from the Victoria and Albert
Museum to America, its tour around the USA and Canada and how it raised money
for the united Kingdom after the War. The other is a file of miscellaneous
memoranda containing leaflets, postcards, souvenir booklets and letters - the
story these records tell is fascinating.
In 1950 Queen Mary gave the
nation a carpet that she had been embroidering between 1941 and 1946 and
measures 10ft 2inches by 6ft 9.5inches has a unique floral design and signed
Mary R, the boarder was made by the Royal School of Needle Work. Her Majesty
decided to give the nation the carpet to help ‘bridge the dollar gap’, created
by the war, money raised would go to the National Exchequer as she thought that
everyone should contribute something to the country in its time of need. The
Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire (IODE) were responsible for raising the
much needed dollars while WVS were responsible for the carpets tour of US and
Canadian public institutions. Lady Reading was made acting chief of staff of
The Carpet was first displayed in
the Victoria and Albert Museum before traveling to North America on the Queen Mary.
The Carpet arrived in New York on 20th March and was exhibited there
for 5 days before traveling around 15 other main cities in America and Canada including
Ottawa (Ontario), Washington DC, Los Angeles (California), Seattle (Washington), Vancouver (British Columbia),
Toronto (Ontario) and Montreal (Quebec). On its
tour the carpet was accompanied by a WVS volunteer who commented that it was the most exciting three months of her life and at in that time she and the carpet traveled 14,000 miles and was seen by 400,000 people.
After its tour the IODE purchased
the carpet and toured it across Canada, raising at least another $100,000 for
the British Exchequer. The carpet was presented to the National Gallery of Canada
at the end of its tour. It is now kept in the gallery’s collections.
If you have a question about the
Archive’s or the History of Royal Voluntary Service why not contact our enquiryservice today,
we look forward to hearing from you.